Connective Tissue Grafting 

When recession of the gum tissue occurs, the body loses its natural defense against bacterial penetration and trauma and reconstruction using grafting techniques is an option.
If there is minimal recession, then there is still some healthy gingiva to protect the tooth and no treatment other than modifying home care practices is necessary. When recession reaches the mucosa, the first line of defense against bacterial penetration is lost.
In addition, gum recession often results in root sensitivity to hot and cold temperature as well as an unsightly appearance of the gum and tooth. When the recession is severe, the root surfaces are exposed and can lead to root caries. A gingival graft is designed to resolve this issue. A thin piece of tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth to provide a stable band of attached gingiva around the afflicted tooth or teeth. Generally, Dr. Yamaoka can borrow this tissue with minimal disruption to the surface gum and enables the roof of the mouth to heal quickly without the discomfort traditionally associated with gum grafts. The gingival graft is placed in such a way as to cover the exposed portion of the root. The gingival graft procedure is highly predictable and results in a stable, healthy band of attached tissue around the tooth.

 Connective Tissue Grafting patient
 Connective Tissue Grafting patient

Before and After Gum Grafting

In addition, gum recession often results in root sensitivity to hot and cold foods as well as an unsightly appearance of the gum and tooth. When significant, gum recession can predispose to worsening recession and expose the root surface, which is softer than enamel, leading to root caries and root gouging.

A gingival graft is designed to solve these problems. A thin piece of tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth to provide a stable band of attached gingiva around the afflicted tooth or teeth. Generally, Dr. Yamaoka can borrow this tissue with minimal disruption to the surface gum which enables the roof of the mouth to heal quickly without the discomfort traditionally associated with gum grafts. The gingival graft may be placed in such a way as to cover the exposed portion of the root. This procedure is highly predictable and results in a stable, healthy band of attached tissue around the tooth.